What Baptism is Spoken of in 1 Corinthians 12:13?
The passage referred to is this: “For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles.” The baptism here spoken of is the baptism that puts people into Christ; for when we are in the body of Christ which is the church, we are in Christ. The baptism that puts us into Christ is water baptism.
Paul says: “Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death?” Here the information is definite that we are baptized into Christ. And in the last of Matthew the commission of Christ to his apostles, as given in the late Revision of the New Testament, is as follows: “Go ye therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.” The new rendering, into the name, is exactly literal, and, therefore, correct. This shows that the baptism performed by the apostles is the one that puts people into Christ, and is necessarily water baptism, for men could not perform a baptism of the Holy Spirit. And the very same baptism is spoken of in I Corinthians 12, for it also puts its subjects into Christ. Hence the meaning of the passage is: By (according to the teaching of) one Spirit people are baptized into one body. The Spirit, through the truth, teaches us to believe the gospel, to repent, and to be baptized into Christ. It is by the teaching of the Spirit that we do everything in religion.