Brother Lipscomb: I want you to explain when the twelve apostles were inspired — on the day of Pentecost or before? I think they were before, for Matthew 10:7f says: “And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand. Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give.” Mark 6:13 also says: “And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.” Luke 9:1 also says: “Then he called his twelve disciples together, and gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases.”
There can be no doubt but that the apostles were endowed with the power of working miracles and possessed a measure of the Spirit of inspiration previous to the day of Pentecost. But the Holy Spirit came in the fullness of his power on Pentecost, and they were then fully endued with the knowledge which the Spirit revealed and were plenarily inspired. There are different degrees of inspiration, corresponding to the measure of the Spirit received. The full apostolic measure was received on Pentecost.
When was Christ anointed Prophet, Priest, and King?
Christ says: “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor,’’ etc. (Luke 4:18.) The Lord was anointed as a preacher and teacher when the Holy Spirit was given him after his baptism, as is indicated in this passage. But he was not constituted high priest while he was on this earth. Paul says: “For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law.” (Hebrews 8:4.) This is equivalent to saying that he was not a priest while he was on earth. But the last verse of Hebrews 7 tells when he was made high priest, and how: “For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, maketh the Son, who is consecrated for evermore.”
“The word of the oath, which was since the law.” The law did not die till the death of Christ. It is, therefore, certain that Christ was not made high priest till after his death; and after his death and up to the ascension he was not made high priest. Hence he was made high priest when he ascended, and was made “King of kings, and Lord of lords,” at the right hand of God in heaven. He is there now as our high priest, to appear in the presence of God for us.